Geoarchaeology is the application of earth science principles
and techniques to the understanding of the archaeological record. As such, it involves the application of specialist knowledge and a wide range of techniques.
Geoarchaeological approaches can be helpful in many stages of an archaeological project, but can be particularly useful for:
• Finding and identifying archaeological sites and features. • Understanding how sites form (“site formation processes”). • Understanding the preservation of archaeological remains. • Identifying changes in the physical landscape and environment through time.
At our base in the Department of Archaeology, we have dedicated laboratory facilities and a full range of specialist drilling, survey and analytical equipment.
English Heritage have produced a useful guide to geoarchaeology, including explanation of the key methods and applications of the approach. Read it here